WordPress was originally launched as a blogging platform which much later became the complete web solution it is today, for ecommerce stores, blogs, news, and enterprise-level applications. This evolution of WordPress brought many changes to its core and made it more stable and secure from its previous versions.
Because WordPress is an open-source platform which means anybody can contribute to its core functionalities. This flexibility benefited both the developers who developed themes and plugins and the end user who utilize them to add functionality to their WordPress sites.
This openness, however, raises some serious questions regarding the security of the platform which cannot be ignored. This is not a flaw in the system itself but rather the structure it’s built on and considering how important that is, WordPress security team works day and night to keep the platform secured for its end users.
Having said that as an end-user we cannot simply rely on its default security mechanism as we do make a lot of changes by installing various plugins and themes to our WordPress site that can create loopholes to get exploited by hackers.
In this article, we will explore various WordPress security vulnerabilities and will learn how to avoid, and fix, them to stay secure!
WordPress Vulnerabilities & Security Issues
We will see each issue and its solution one by one.
- Brute Force Attack
- SQL Injection
- Cross-Site Scripting
- DDoS Attack
- Old WordPress and PHP versions
1. Brute Force Attack
In Layman's term, Brute Force Attack involves multiple try and error approach using hundreds of combination to guess the right username or password. This is done using powerful algorithms and dictionaries which guesses the password using some kind of context.
This kind of attack is difficult to execute but it still is one of the popular attacks executed on WordPress sites. By default, WordPress does not block a user from trying multiple fail attempts which let a human or bot try thousands of combinations per second.
How to prevent, and fix Brute Force Attacks
Avoiding Brute Force is fairly simple. All you have to do is create a strong password which includes Upper case letters, lower case letters, numbers and special characters as each character has different ASCII values and it would be difficult to guess a long and complex password. Avoid using a password like johnny123 or whatsmypassword.
Also, integrate Two Factor Authentication to authenticate the users logging into your site twice. Two Factor Authentication is a great plugin to use.
2. SQL Injection
One of the oldest hacks in the book of web hacking is injecting SQL queries to effect or to completely destroy the database using any web form or input field.
Upon successful intrusion, a hacker can manipulate the MySQL database and quite possibly gain access to your WordPress admin or simply change its credentials for further damage. This attack is usually executed by amateur to mediocre hackers who are mostly testing their hacking capabilities.
How to prevent, and fix SQL Injection
Also, update your WordPress as well as any theme or plugin which you think can be causing issues. Check their documentation and visit their support forums to report such issues so they can develop a patch.
Malicious code is injected into WordPress through an infected theme, outdated plugin or script. This code can extract data from your site as well as insert malicious content which might go unnoticed due to its discreet nature.
Malware can cause mild to serious damages if not handled on time. Sometimes the whole WordPress site needs to be re-installed as it has affected the core. This can also add cost to your hosting expense as a large amount of data is transferred or is being hosted using your site.
How to prevent, and fix Malware
Usually, the malware makes its way through infected plugins and null themes. It is recommended to download themes only from trusted resources that are free from malicious content.
Security plugins like Succuri or WordFence can be used to run a full scan and fix malware. In the worst-case scenario consult with WordPress expert.
4. Cross-Site Scripting
How to prevent, and fix Cross-Site Scripting
To avoid this type of attack uses proper data validation across the WordPress site. Use output sanitization to ensure the right type of data is being inserted. Plugins such as Prevent XSS Vulnerability can also be used.
5. DDoS Attack
Anybody who has browsed the net or manages a website may have come across the infamous DDoS attack. Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) is the enhanced version of Denial of Service (DoS) in which a large volume of requests are made to a web server which makes it slow and ultimately crashes.
DDoS is executed using single-source while DDoS is an organized attack executed via multiple machines across the globe. Every year millions of dollars are wasted due to this notorious web security attack.
How to prevent, and fix DDoS Attacks
DDoS attacks are difficult to prevent using conventional techniques. Web hosts play an important part in shielding your WordPress site from such attacks. For example, Cloudways managed cloud hosting provider manages server security and flag anything suspicious before it can cause any damages to the customer’s website.
Outdated WordPress & PHP Versions
Outdated WordPress versions are more prone to get affected by a security threat. Over time hackers find their way to exploit its core and ultimately execute the attack on the sites still using outdated versions.
For the same reason, the WordPress team releases patches and newer versions with updated security mechanisms. Running older versions of PHP can cause incompatibility issues. As WordPress runs on PHP, it requires an updated version to operate properly.
As per WordPress's official statistics, 42.6% of users are still using various older versions of WordPress.
Whereas only 2.3% WordPress sites are running on latest PHP version 7.2.
How to prevent, and fix Outdated WordPress & PHP Versions
This one is an easy one. You should always update your WordPress installation to the latest version. Make sure you always use the latest version (remember to always do a backup before upgrading). As for upgrading PHP, once you have tested your WordPress site for compatibility, you can change the version of PHP.
We got ourselves familiar with various WordPress vulnerabilities and their possible solutions. It is worth noticing that update plays an essential role in keeping the WordPress security intact. And when you notice any unusual activity, get on your toes and start digging until you find the problem as these security risks can cause damages in thousands of $$.